. A – B .

logo figDICTIONARY OF GOLF TERMSlogo fig

with Italian translation

brought to you by FEDERGOLF LOMBARDIA

A

  • Acceptable Score – A score made over an 18 hole round which is used to calculate or adjust a players handicap. Score valido.
  • Ace – A hole in one.
  • Action – Backspin on ball.
  • Active Season – The golfing season in which a player’s scores can be used to adjust their handicap.
  • Address – When a golfer takes his stance and lined up the club to make a stroke.
  • Adjusted Gross Score – Competition scratch used to recalculate handicap. AGS is based on scores recorded by all players in the competition.
  • Advice – Instruction on how a ball should be played. Only partners and caddies may be consulted without penalty. Consiglio.
  • Air Shot – Missing the ball during a swing. Colpo a vuoto.
  • Albatross – Three strokes under par for a given hole.
  • Amateur – Opposite of professional, one who does not receive monetary remuneration from the game. Dilettante.
  • Approach – Hitting the ball at the green. Approccio.
  • Apron – The short fringe surrounding the green which isolates it from the fairway.
  • Attend the flag – To hold and remove the flagstick from the hole as an opponent putts. Custodire la bandiera.
  • Authorised – One that is recognised by the R&A.
  • Away – The away ball is that which is furthest from the hole when more than one golfer is playing. It usually is played first. Più lontana.

B

  • Back Door – When a ball is holed by going around the lip of the cup and dropping in from the back end. Porta di servizio.
  • Back Nine – The last nine holes of an 18 hole course. Seconde nove.
  • Back Side – The last 9 holes of an 18 hole course. Seconde nove.
  • Backspin – Reverse spin applied to the ball and prevents it from bouncing forward after landing; same as Bite.
  • Backswing – When the golfer takes the club away from the addressed ball, continues until the club is moved back towards to ball.
  • Baffy – Another name for a 4 wood.
  • Ball – Golf Balls. Palla.
  • Ball in Play – The ball is on play once the player starts his downswing on the teeing area. It continues to be so until holed out, lost, out of bounds or lifted. Palla in gioco.
  • Ball Mark – The mark left by the ball when it pitches on the fairway or green. Segno di palla.
  • Ball Marker – Any small object used to mark a ball’s position on the green prior to it being picked up. Marchino.
  • Ball Retriever – An extendable device used to retrieve balls mainly from the water and other inaccessible areas. Peschino.
  • Ball Roundness Gauge – An instrument used to measure how spherical a ball is.
  • Ball Washer – An instrument used to clean golf balls. Lavapalla.
  • Banana Ball – Slicing the ball such that it curves off to the side in a banana shaped trajectory.
  • Barkie – When the ball hits any part of a tree and the golfer still completes the hole with a par.
  • Beach – A sand bunker. Spiaggia.
  • Bermuda – Species of coarse grass used in hot climates.
  • Best Ball – A competition where two or more players form a team. The best net score per team on each hole is recorded on the scorecard. 4-palle-la-migliore.
  • Best Shot – A team competition where each member of the team plays a shot, the best placed ball is then chosen and all other players of the same team play their next shot from that position.
  • Birdie – One under par for the hole.
  • Bite – Reverse spin applied to the ball and prevents it from bouncing forward after landing; same as Backspin.
  • Blade – When the upper part of the ball is struck by the edge of the club face causing it to hug the ground in flight.
  • Blade Shot – To strike the ball above it’s centre causing it to skip and bounce along the ground rather than rise through the air. Colpo di lama.
  • Blast – The material carried with the ball when it is hit out of a sand bunker.
  • Blind Hole – When the golfer cannot see the green when having to play an approach shot. Buca cieca.
  • Block Shot – When a player strikes the ball late in their swing (usually caused by turning to quickly during the swing). The ball travels outside of the target.
  • Bogey – One over par for the hole.
  • Bogey Golfer – A player who has a handicap is the about the same as the number holes on a course (18 to 22).
  • Brassie – Another name for a 2 wood.
  • Break – The path a putt must follow over a contour in the green in order to go in the hole.
  • Buggy – Powered cart used to transport golfer and equipment around the course. Cart.
  • Bunker – A hazard filled by sand or grass that is placed where a fairway shot may end (by a green or driving distance from the tee). You are not allowed to practice swing or ground your club in a bunker.

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